Hardwood Floors


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If you are wondering how the various hardwood floors are installed select a topic from below.

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Wood Installation Methods

Job-site preparation and subfloor preparation are a necessary part of the installation process. Use the proper guidelines or the entire installation can be ruined.

Nail Down Nails are typically used with the 3/4" thick solid wood products, however there are nailer products available for thinner wood installations. 2" cleats (nails) are used with the nailer and mallet to attach the flooring to the subfloor. Solid floors must be installed on wooden subfloors on grade, or above grade.

Staple Down Staples can be used in place of nails to attach solid flooring to the subfloor. A pneumatic stapler is used to drive the staple into the wood flooring and subfloor. This procedure is easier than the nail down procedure for do-it-yourselfer.

Glue Down Engineered wood floors and parquets can be glued down. Adhesive is applied using a trowel to adhere the wood flooring to the subfloor. These floors can be installed over wooden or concrete subfloors on, above or below grade.

Floating Some engineered floors and all Longstrip floors can be floated. This is a very fast, easy and clean method of installation. Floating refers to floors that are not attached to any subfloor. A thin pad of foam is placed between the wood flooring and the subfloor. Adhesive is applied in the tongue and groove of each board to hold the boards together. The padding protects against moisture, reduces noise and is softer under foot. These floors can be installed over almost any uneven surface on, above or below grade.  

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