Regularly sweep or vacuum
the floor to prevent sand or abrasive dust from accumulating and scratching
Place doormats outside
and rugs inside at every entrance of the house, again to prevent sand or abrasive
dust from accumulating on the floor.
Place a rug in front
of the kitchen sink, kitchen working stations, and the dishwasher to protect
the floor from dropped kitchen accessories and from water or oily detergent
Use adequate floor protection
(wood floor protector pads) under all furniture and chairs legs, in order
to ease their movements and to prevent scratching the floor.
The relative humidity
level in your home must be maintained at 45% (i.e. 40-50%) throughout the
year. Hardwood is a living substance which reacts to changes of relative humidity.
It absorbs or releases humidity according to seasons. Consequently, its dimension
changes. In summer, when humidity is at its highest, it is absorbed by the
wood which then expands. These variations can be minimized with proper ventilation,
dehumidifying or heating. In winter, on the other hand, when the heating
system is on, the relative humidity level in the house is much lower. It
is then recommended to use a humidifier, in order to minimize extreme shrinkage
Keep "high heel"
shoes in good condition. Damaged or worn high heels may expose a metal tip
which will certainly damage your hardwood floor.
Protect your floor against
direct sunlight or any intense source of artificial lighting. Over time,
intense light will discolor exposed surfaces. This phenomenon with wood surfaces
is normal and natural. The lighter the color of the natural wood, the more
apparent this phenomenon will be.
Maintaining a Surface
Surface finishes are very
popular today because they are durable, water-resistant and require minimal
maintenance. Surface finishes are blends of synthetic resins.These finishes are most often referred to as urethanes or polyurethanes,
and remain on the surface of the wood to form a protective coating. They are
generally available in high-gloss, semi-gloss and satin.
Dust mop, sweep or vacuum
regularly. Clean with a manufacturer's recommended no wax cleaner. Recoat
the floor after sanding or buffing with a surface finish when cleaning no longer
restores shine. The frequency of recoating depends on the amount of
traffic. A surface finished floor should never be waxed.
Maintaining a Wax Finish
Wax finishes soak into the pores of the wood and harden to form a
protective penetrating seal. The wax gives a low-gloss satin sheen.
Dust mop or vacuum
regularly. Buff to restore shine. Waxing may be necessary when
buffing no longer restores shine. Apply a cleaner and liquid wax
specifically for wood floors. Apply the wax evenly, allow the floor to dry
and buff to the desired luster. If the wood floor has dirt build up or the
wax is discolored, use a combination liquid cleaner/wax made specifically for
wood flooring. Make sure it is solvent rather than water base. Spread
the liquid cleaner/wax with a cloth or fine steel wool and rub gently to remove
grime and old wax. Wipe the floor clean, let it dry for about 20 minutes
and buff. Depending on the traffic, a properly maintained wood floor should only
need waxing once, or twice a year. Be sure to follow manufacturer’s directions
Acrylic Impregnated finishes
are injected into the wood to create a super hard, extremely durable floor.
Acrylic Impregnated finishes are rarely used in residential applications. They
most often are used I high traffic areas in commercial settings such as malls
Some acrylic impregnated
floors are coated with urethane. For general cleaning, follow procedures
for surface finishes. For general cleaning non-urethane coated acrylic
impregnated floors, use a spray and buff system as recommended by the